La Crosse, Wisconsin

Perennial Ryegrass (Turf)

Turfgrass Specifications
  • Seeding rates: 5-7 lbs./1,000 sq ft.
  • Germination: 5-10 days
  • Growth habit: bunch type, tillers
  • Approx. seeds per lb: 270,000
  • Blade: 2-4mm, glossy underside, red base at crown
  • Uses: Lawns, Athletic Fields, Golf Course, all general use. Excellent when used in mixtures. ideal in Sun.
  • Identification: A fast growing bunch type grass that spreads by tillers (stems). Leaves are dark green and glossy on the underside, tapered, pointed with a folded vernation (stem). Varieties available both as annuals, intermediates and perennials.
  • Establishment: Germinates and establishes very quickly. Non spreader, fills by tillers. Popular over-seeder.

 

Area of Adaptation
NEW   double time Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
WHATS THE SECRETdouble time has a deep set
crown unlike all other perennial ryegrass varieties. Deep crowns result
in deeper rooting. That means you’ll have a tough time tearing it up
with foot or wheel traffic.
FEATURES BENEFITS RECOMMENDED USE
  • deep set crown
  • extensive fibrous rooting
  • establishes faster than perennial ryegrass
  • patent protection
  • deep dark green winter color
  • compatible with other cool-season grasses
  • improved traffic tolerance
  • resists foot, cleat and divot damage
  • enhances the establishment of tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass
  • requires less fertilizer
  • sports turf, athletic fields
  • home lawns, commercial sites
  • golf course fairways, roughs
Blast Off Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • Mechanical blend of three of the newest perennial ryegrass varieties available
  • Genetically resistant to gray leaf spot
  • Top entries in the 2004 NTEP
  • Deep dark green, dwarf growth habit
Line Drive GLS Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • New generation gray leaf spot resistance perennial ryegrass
  • Deep dark green color, fine leaf texture
  • Great for reseeding sports fields and golf course fairways
  • Endophyte enhanced for improved pest and disease resistance
Palmer III Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • Exceptional salt tolerance
  • Rapid germination
  • Improved disease resistance
  • Vibrant green turf
Palmer IV Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • Legendary family of improved turf type perennial ryegrass
  • New generation gray leaf spot resistant perennial ryegrass
  • Deep dark green turf color
  • Traffic tolerant and durable turfgrass performance
Palmer
V Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • Ranked #1 in turf quality in the 2004 NTEP Test
  • New generation gray leaf spot resistant perennial ryegrass
  • Deep dark green fine leaf texture
  • Great for golf course, sports turf and home lawns
Panther GLS Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • New generation gray leaf spot resistant perennial ryegrass
  • Fine leaf texture, dwarf growth habit
  • Deep dark green, elegant turf appearance
Pennant III Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • Deep dark green turf color
  • Fourth generation perennial ryegrass
  • Endophyte enhanced
  • Short uniform growth habit
Prelude IV Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • New generation Perennial Ryegrass variety with (GLS) Gray Leaf Spot resistance
  • Very dark green color with good seedling vigor for quick establishment
  • Good wear tolerance with good spring density
Prelude GLS Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
GLS
  • New generation gray leaf spot resistant perennial ryegrass
  • Deep dark green, rapid establishment
  • Multiple pest and disease resistance
  • Endophyte enhanced for improved disease and insect resistance
Quest III Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • Gray leaf spot resistance
  • Short dwarf growth habit
  • Endophyte enhanced
  • Excellent resistance to red thread and brown patch
Radiance Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • Dark green with superior turf quality
  • GLS resistance
  • Partnered with Palmer III, IV, V for blends and mixtures
  • Endophyte enhanced for resistance to surface feeding insects
Repell GLS Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass
  • New generation gray leaf spot resistant perennial ryegrass
  • Deep dark green, fine leaf texture
  • Short growth habit, good wear tolerance, great summer density
  • Endophyte enhanced
Perennial Ryegrass Traits
COLOR
MOWING
TRAFFIC
THATCH
NITROGEN
SHADE
*GLS RES.
DROUGHT
Endophyte
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Excellent None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Fair Fair 10%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 90%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 85%
Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Fair Fair 76%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Fair Fair 90%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 90%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 90%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 94%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 95%
GLS Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Fair Fair 92%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 92%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 85%
Very Dark Green Tolerate 1/2″ Very Good None 6-8 lb. per M Annual Fair-Good Excellent Fair 80%
Standard Turf Type

Improved perennial ryegrass varieties developed for continental climates in USA. Parents to these varieties were collected from forage paddocks of Northern Europe and bred for improved turf quality in hotter, drier climates of North America.

Dwarf Turf Type

Breeders continue to stack elite genes in the development of varieties with better turf quality, greater shoot density, darker color and improved disease and pest resistance. Many perennial ryegrass varieties have been enhanced with Neotyphodium lolii endophyte which provides resistance to a number of leaf and crown feeding pests and improves abiotic and biotic stress tolerance.

Winter Active Turf Type

Europeans have developed a number of improved turf type perennial ryegrasses for Turf Type European low maintenance lawns and winter sports fields, ovals and pitches.These varieties are developed for high shoot density for sports turf in wet, mild northern European climates. European varieties are very fine textured and produce a flush of vegetative growth under low light intensity (winter) and wet mild conditions.They also exhibit good resistance to winter related disease but are inferior to North American bred varieties for heat, humidity and warm season related diseases.

Gray Leaf Spot Resistance  GLS® Type

Gray leaf spot Pyricularia grisea “Blast” is a limiting factor to perennial turf cultivation in the Mid Atlantic and Mid Western USA where perennial ryegrass is used for elite low height of  cut turf. Breeders have recently developed varieties with significant improvements in gray leaf spot resistance.

Forage Type

Forage type perennial ryegrass is often sold into the turf market based on price and short market availability.These varieties have very poor turf quality, lack sufficient shoot density and exhibit unsightly leaf shredding following mowing.They also exhibit poor pest resistance particularly when grown in regions where perennial ryegrass is marginally adapted.

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