Red clover is primarily used for hay, silage, and soil improvement. It is a quick growing crop, easily established, and produces high quality forage. Tolerance of shade allows Red clover to be used effectively as a cover crop under silage corn. Newer varieties of medium red clover can be productive for 3 years or more under proper management.
Trifolium pratense L., red clover, is a short-lived perennial that grows as one of two types: medium (double-cut) or mammoth (single-cut). Red clover plants grow from crowns. Plants have hollow, hairy stems and branches. Stem lengths of medium and mammoth types average 18 inches and 24 to 30 inches, respectively. Medium types have about 4 branches per stem; mammoth have 6. Each leaf consists of a slender stalk bearing 3 leaflets. The taproot of red clover is extensively branched. Flowers are borne in compact clusters or heads and are usually rose-pink in color. Seed pods are small, short, and contain kidney-shaped seeds that vary in color from yellow to deep violet. There are approximately 272,000 seeds per pound. Mammoth red clover matures later than medium types; only one crop of Mammoth red clover is harvested each season since recovery is slow.
Adaptation and Distribution
Red clover grows best on well-drained loamy soils, but it will also grow on soil that is not as well-drained. Medium and fine textured soils are preferred by the plant over sandy or gravelly soils. It is best adapted to a pH of 6.0 or higher. Red clover is distributed throughout the United States and Canada.
Red clover seed may be established in pure stands, but it is often mixed with grain or grass. Spring or late summer seedings are satisfactory. It may be overseeded in the spring or fall. Red clover seed should be inoculated. Phosphorus and potash are the fertilizer elements needed mostly by red clover. Apply as recommended by soil tests. Red clover seed may planted with a drill or broadcast. A firm, weed-free seedbed is essential. Plant red clover seeds ¼ to ½ inch deep. Seeding rates are 12 to 15 lbs. per acre broadcast and 6 to 8 lbs. per acre when drilled. For renovating pastures, the recommended seeding rate is 8 lbs. per acre.
Graze or cut for hay when the red clover is ¼ to ½ in bloom. A second cutting or successive grazing should occur when red clover is ¼ in bloom. Leave at least 2 to 3 inches of growth after each harvest. Care should be taken to eliminate or appreciably reduce bloating of livestock when grazing. Keep lime and fertilizers (phosphorus and potash) at the proper level.
|FSG 9601 3YR RED CLOVER|
FSG 9601 is an elite new-generation red clover developed for high yields and persistence to last 3 years and beyond under good management. FSG 9601 is at 50% bloom two days later than Arlington in the spring and performs extremely well over a wide range of soil types and growing conditions.
Seeding Rate: 12-14 lbs./Acre alone, 6-8 lbs/Acre in mixtures
|DURATION 3YR RED CLOVER|
Duration Red Clover was developed to have excellent winter hardiness, high yields, and disease resistance, combined with strong spring green-up and fast recovery after each cutting!
Seeding Rate: 12-14 Lbs./Acre alone, 6-8 lbs./Acre in mixtures
|Certified Marathon Red Clover|
|Marathon is a high yielding variety of red clover developed and released by the Department of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison in cooperation with the Agricultural Research Services, U.S.D.A. It has excellent disease resistance and quality similar to Arlington, but it consistently exceeds Arlington in forage yield and persistence.|
|Arlington Red Clover|
|Arlington was developed through joint efforts of the USDA Agricultural Experiment Station and Research Division of the University of Wisconsin-Madison.. Arlington is resistant to bean and yellow mosaic virus and is moderately resistant to northern anthracnose and powdery mildew. It has a good winter survival and persists in the field longer than other varieties.|
|Mammoth Red Clover|
|This biennial legume is an excellent fast-growing cover crop that can be planted almost any time of the year. More vigorous and tolerant of acid soils than other clovers. Mammoth Red breaks up clay soils and can add as much as 200 pounds of nitrogen per acre. Reaching up to 3 feet in height at maturity. Mammoth Red clover can provide enormous amounts of organic matter and tilth to your soil. Sow 1/2 pound per 1000 square feet or at 20 pounds per acre.|