Forage First® Premium Forage Grasses

Pastures represent one of the best, less expensive sources of feed for your animals. Whether grazed or taken for hay, Forage First® forage grasses offer high yield potential, optimum nutritional values, improved disease resistance and increased stand persistence. Planting a new pasture is a commitment to maximizing the productivity of your land, and Forage First® premium forages will help you achieve your goal.

Our Forage First® brand forage grasses include proven varieties and elite offerings with improved genetics to ensure your pastures thrive and animals perform to the highest standard. Many of these grasses form foundations to our premium Forage First® pasture mixes.

Annual Ryegrass

Establishment: Fast
Persistence: Low
Drought Tolerance: Med
Winter Hardiness: Med
Palatability: High
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: High

Bromegrass

Establishment: Slow
Persistence: High
Drought Tolerance: Med
Winter Hardiness: Med
Palatability: High
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: High

Festulolium

Establishment: Fast
Persistence: Medium
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Winter Hardiness: High
Palatability: High
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: High

Kentucky Bluegrass

Establishment: Slow
Persistence: High
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Winter Hardiness: High
Palatability: High
Yield Potential: Low
Grazing Tolerance: High

Orchardgrass

Establishment: Medium
Persistence: High
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Winter Hardiness: High
Palatability: Medium High
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: Medium

Perennial Ryegrass

Establishment: Fast
Persistence: Medium
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Winter Hardiness: Medium
Palatability: High
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: Medium High

Reed Canarygrass

Establishment: Slow
Persistence: High
Drought Tolerance: High
Winter Hardiness: High
Palatability: Medium High
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: High

Tall Fescue

Establishment: Medium
Persistence: Medium High
Drought Tolerance: High
Winter Hardiness: Medium
Palatability: Medium
Yield Potential: High
Grazing Tolerance: High

Timothy

Establishment: Slow
Persistence: Medium
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Winter Hardiness: High
Palatability: Medium High
Yield Potential: Med
Grazing Tolerance: Low

Annual Ryegrass

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 20-40
Mixes (lbs./acre): 5-10
Seeds/lb.: 227,000
Depth (In.): 1/4-1/2

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 5-14
Life Cycle: Annual
Soil pH: 5.5-6.5

Bromegrass

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 15-20 (Smooth); 12-20 (Meadow)
Mixes (lbs./acre): 5-10
Seeds/lb.: 138,000 (Smooth); 93 (Meadow)
Depth (In.): 1/4-1/2

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 14-21
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 6.0-7.5

Festulolium

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 30-40
Mixes (lbs./acre): 10-15
Seeds/lb.: 227,000
Depth (In.): 1/4

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 7-14
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 5.5-7.0

Kentucky Bluegrass

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 10-15
Mixes (lbs./acre): 4-10
Seeds/lb.: 2,177,000
Depth (In.): 1/4

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 14-28
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 6.0-7.5

Orchardgrass

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 15-25
Mixes (lbs./acre): 3-10
Seeds/lb.: 416,000
Depth (In.): 1/4-1/2

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 7-21
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 5.8-7.0

Perennial Ryegrass

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 30-40
Mixes (lbs./acre): 6-10
Seeds/lb.: 227,000
Depth (In.): 1/4-1/2

Planting Time:
Feb.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 5-14
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 5.5-6.5

Reed Canarygrass

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 12-14
Mixes (lbs./acre): 6-8
Seeds/lb.: 480,000
Depth (In.): 1/4-1/2

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 14-28
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 4.9-8.2

Tall Fescue

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 25-30
Mixes (lbs./acre): 5-15
Seeds/lb.: 227,000
Depth (In.): 1/4-1/2

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 14-21
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 5.5-7.0

Timothy

Seeding Rate:
Alone (lbs./acre): 8-15
Mixes (lbs./acre): 2-6
Seeds/lb.: 1,152,000
Depth (In.): 1/4-1/2

Planting Time:
Mar.-May; Aug.-Sept.
Emergence (days): 14-21
Life Cycle: Perennial
Soil pH: 5.5-7.0

Annual Ryegrass

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In.): 8-12
Stop (In.): 3-6
Avg. Days Rest: 25-30

Ryegrass Harvest Management:
Mechanical harvest should be made at boot to early heading stage. Graze during vegetative stage; removal during stem elongation will slow production until new tiller buds are available for regrowth.

Bromegrass

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In.): 8-12
Stop (In.): 3-4
Avg. Days Rest: 20-30

Brome Harvest Management:
Bromegrass is tolerant of grazing in spring before the growing point emerges from below the ground; after jointing frequent harvest can destroy stands. Mechanical harvest at boot to early bloom stage.

Festulolium

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In): 10-12
Stop (In): 4-6
Avg. Days Rest: 25-35

Harvest Management:
Mainly used in pastures for either grazing or fall stockpiling. Harvest for hay or haylage at boot to early heading stage.

Kentucky Bluegrass

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In.): 4-6
Stop (In.): 2-3
Avg. Days Rest: 30-40

Harvest Management:
High stocking rates in spring take advantage of its early production. Because of its shorter stature, bluegrass is perfectly suited for grazing & tolerates close (or over) grazing.

Orchardgrass

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In.): 8-12
Stop (In.): -6
Avg. Days Rest: 15-30

Harvest Management:
Harvest at boot stage in spring; cut or graze frequently in spring & early summer (cutting frequency influenced by temperature, soil moisture & fertility)

Perennial Ryegrass

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In.): 8-12
Stop (In.): 2-4
Avg. Days Rest: 15-30

Harvest Management:
Once established, ryegrass can be grazed (even continually) as quick as 3-4″ in height assuming wet conditions don’t ruin stand. Less DM will require longer curing times relative to other cool-season grasses.

Reed Canarygrass

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In.): 10-12
Stop (In.): 4-6
Avg. Days Rest: 20-30

Harvest Management:
Mechanical harvest at heading stage for highest yields; most annual growth occurs before July – rotate pastures often; top growth will desiccate at frost so manage accordingly

Tall Fescue

Rotational Grazing:
Begin (In.): 4-8
Stop (In.): 3-6
Avg. Days Rest: 25-35

Harvest Management:
Harvest at boot stage in spring; pure stands work well when stockpiled in fall

Timothy

Harvest Management:
Because of Timothy’s lack of basal leaves to support regrowth, as well as its limited energy storage, frequent cutting or grazing greatly weakens stands. Harvest in spring at boot stage.

Grasses Products