Hy Octane winter triticale cover crop is a cross between wheat and rye grain, bringing together the cover crop benefits and tonnage potential of cereal rye with the increased feed value of wheat. Hy Octane is a new winter triticale variety that has shown favorable forage yield and winter hardiness across the Midwest. Hy Octane winter triticale cover crop makes a great option for fall and winter grazing, extending the season far past brassicas or cool season perennial grasses.

  • Reduced awned variety to aid in livestock palatability
  • Excellent standability -superior to Fridge in early evaluations
  • Good early season vigor and earlier heading date than traditional varieties (allows greater flexibility for potential double cropping)
  • Medium straw length allows for easier hay wilting and silage packing
  • Best Use: Fall & Spring Pasture; Silage & Hay (boot to dough stage)

Visit our Mixes page to explore premium Soil First mixes blended with different grass seed varieties. View mixes.

Soil First

Non-Forage Benefits:
1 = Poor; 5 = Excellent

Compaction Alleviation: 2
Weed Suppression: 4
Biomass Production: 5
Erosion Control: 4
Disease/Pest Control: 3
Pollinator/Beneficials: 1
P & K Cycling: 4
Ease of Establishment: 4

Nitrogen Fixer/Scavenger: Scavenger

Nutritional Value:
Values Vary Greatly Depending on Maturity

Crude Protein: 12
NEL¹ Mcal/lb.: .58
ADF%²: 41
NDF%³: 69
TDN: 56
DM Tons/Acre: 2.5-4
Days to First Harvest: Spring
Days to Next Harvest: –

¹- Net Energy for Lactation = Energy available after subtracting digestive and metabolic losses
²- Acid Detergent Fiber = Low values mean more digestible
³- Neutral Detergent Fiber = Low values mean cows can eat more

Ranking (Good, Better, Best):
Graze: Good
Baleage: Better
Chop: Best

Planting Time:

Seeding Rate:
Mono (lbs./acre): 30-50
Mix (lbs./acre): 20-40
Forage (lbs./acre): 80-120

Seeding Info:
Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio (C:N): Vegetative-20:1
Seeding Depth (in./with drill): 3/4-1
Seeds/lb.: 14-16,000
Bulk Density (lbs./ft.³): 48
Aerial Application Rate: 20-60
Germination Soil Temp.: 38 F
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3
Days to Emergence: 6-8


  • Ideal pH = 5.2–7.0
  • Spring growth can be a management concern; terminate early when preceding a grass crop
  • Triticale is a cross between wheat and rye. This makes for a crop with higher yields than wheat, but lower quality. Triticale is best suited for grazing pasture. Because of its large stems, hay wilting and silage packing can be difficult.

Fertilizer removal rates need to be considered as well. When utilizing cover crops as forage, it’s critical to consider the nutrients being removed along with the biomass. These fertilizer levels will need to be added to ensure maximum nutrient availability for the following cash crop.

Hay Production
Hay yields often average between 2-4 tons/acre. Moisture content should be between 15-20% moisture. Hay quality is more maturity-dependent at harvest than is silage.

The most efficient time to harvest small grain cereals for hay is at early-milk stage. This allows for the greatest compromise between forage yield and quality (quality would be greatest at the late-boot stage). To help speed up drying, a crimper is recommended when harvesting in the late-boot stage

Silage Production
Wheat, barley, oat and triticale silage yields are similar, 4-7 tons/acre of 35% dry matter forage in the boot stage and closer to 6-10 tons/acre when harvested in the late-boot stage. Small grains should be ensiled at between 62–68% moisture. Chop length should be set finer than when harvesting corn or forage sorghum.

(Kansas State University)

For more cereal grains management tips, please see the following:
Spring Management Tips for Winter Cereal Grains_WEB-2.pdf

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