Description:

Winter Peas cover crop legume are a rapid, low growing annual legume used across the country as a legume fixing cover crop and/or a quickly decomposing green manure crop. The forage value of Winter Peas, along with their overall management are benefited when planted alongside a cereal grain.

  • Strong nitrogen fixer and very high biomass potential
  • Quick growth good for weed suppression
  • Plant 6-8 weeks before first frost to maximize growth and nitrogen production (bud stage or after)
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 6 (-5 to -10° F)
  • Spring Peas planted in fall (SF 125 & SF 140) need 60-90 days to maximize growth

Visit our Mixes page to explore premium Soil First mixes blended with different legume varieties. View mixes.

Non-Forage Benefits:
1 = Poor; 5 = Excellent

Compaction Alleviation: 2
Weed Suppression: 4
Biomass Production: 3
Erosion Control: 3
Disease/Pest Control: 3
Pollinator/Beneficials: 4
P & K Cycling: 2
Ease of Establishment: 4

Nitrogen Fixer/Scavenger: Fixer

Nutritional Value:
Values Vary Greatly Depending on Maturity

Crude Protein: 28
NEL¹ Mcal/lb.: .60
ADF%²: 38
NDF%³: 54
TDN: 70
DM Tons/Acre: .5-2
Days to First Harvest: Spring
Days to Next Harvest: –

¹- Net Energy for Lactation = Energy available after subtracting digestive and metabolic losses
²- Acid Detergent Fiber = Low values mean more digestible
³- Neutral Detergent Fiber = Low values mean cows can eat more

Ranking (Good, Better, Best):
Graze: Better
Baleage: Good
Chop: Best

 

Planting Time:
Aug.-Sept.

Seeding Rate:
Mono (lbs./acre): 30-80
Mix (lbs./acre): 10-30
Forage (lbs./acre): 40-60

Seeding Info:
Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio (C:N): 15:1-20:1
Seeding Depth (in./with drill): 1
Seeds/lb.: 2,000
Bulk Density (lbs./ft.): 52
Aerial Application Rate: NR
Germination Soil Temp.: 41 F
USDA Hardiness Zone: 6+
Days to Emergence: 9

Considerations

  • Ideal soil pH 6–7
  • Not the best option for nutrient sequester and/or breaking up compaction
  • Large seed size makes broadcast applications more difficult
  • Mowing or forage harvest in spring will terminate crops

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